Fallopian Tube Disorders
The fallopian tube is where the egg and sperm cells unite following ovulation.
In some women the fallopian tube may be blocked, for instance following an infection or due to endometriosis. Therefore, it is highly important to know whether the fallopian tube will allow eggs to pass through it.
Various procedures can be used to clarify this question:
1. Hysterosalpingo contrast sonography:
First, a small tube (catheter) is inserted into the uterine cavity. Using a contrast media, the physician uses an ultrasound to view whether one or both sides of the fallopian tubes are blocked.
2. Abdominal endoscopy (laparoscopy)
This is an operation during which a mini camera allows the physician to directly observe the uterine cavity and the fallopian tube.
There is also the option of concurrently using surgical measures to remove impediments, such as growths on the fallopian tubes that restrict their flexibility and interfere with egg cells being caught during ovulation.
Pathological changes such as endometriosis can be diagnosed and possibly removed immediately.